Its good to read more and understand the way government works as it helps get involved in the positive changes made. There are thousands of bills that get introduced to Congress each year view here for more. However many people tend not to understand how the legislative process works despite the impacts these bills can have click here for more. Having an insight on the legislative system requires one to click here on this site for more info.
Legislative branch has two houses. The House of Representative and the Senate are the two houses. Such split was brought about by the Great Compromise of 1787 that attempted to resolve issues of representation for states with large population vs. those states having smaller ones. After every two years the member of the lower chamber are elected. Each state is guaranteed to have one representative regardless of the population size. On the other hand the Senate which is the upper chamber, its members are elected every six years here! The state population cannot change this.
Next is lawmaking process. New laws are drafted in a process where a member of the Congress introduces a bill. A law proposed by a member of either Houses tend to be a bill. Upon introduction of this bill it then goes to a committee for consideration which is comprised of experts on specific subjects. The committee can either reject or approve the bill. Rejecting it means it will not go further. There is debating and voting of the approved bills now! The bill goes to the President. In here the President can either sign the bill into law or veto it which failure to such options within three days, the bill now becomes law automatically.
Another one is Filibuster. Its good to click on this page to learn about the tactic used by lawmaker to delay drafting new laws. It’s an unofficial tradition in which the senators delay the voting of a bill by speaking about the subject for an extended length of time. This is operational as the Senate rules speaks clearly about it. Its unlikely that filibuster will change in the future despite there being considerable debates about it.
There is also conference committees. It helps resolve differences between the Senate and the House. Passing different versions of a bill by the House and the Senate calls for the conference committee to discuss the differences. Significant changes or new provisions are made in this case. The new bill after completion is then voted and later proceeds to the President.
Presidential veto. Presidents tend not to have ability to make new laws without working with Congress. It means that there is following of a certain procedure where the President have ten days to sign, veto or ignore this bill.